Did you know that Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) and Sexually Transmitted Diseases can be spread through all forms of sex and/or intimate skin-to-skin contact (oral sex, intercourse, outercourse, anal sex or mutual masturbation)? Using a condom during sex can sometimes reduce the risk of transmitting or contracting certain STDs, but using a condom never eliminates the risk entirely. Abstaining from sexual activity is the only 100% guarantee you have to avoid pregnancy and to avoid contracting an STI.
If you feel that you are not ready to have sex, or if you do not want to put yourself at risk for getting pregnant or contracting an STI, then abstinence is your best choice.
If you have been sexually active, please get tested. If you need more information, please stop by our office or call us at 585-393-0437. We can refer you to a clinic for STI/STD testing.
|Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)||can include abnormal vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, pain, itching or burning||increases a woman’s susceptibility to other STD’s||can develop into PID, resulting in damage to the fallopian tubes and infertility|
|Chlamydia||can include lower abdominal pain or burning sensation when urinating; in women, abnormal vaginal discharge, painful intercourse; in men, discharge from the penis, testicular pain||increases a woman’s susceptibility to HIV; can develop into a “silent” infection, impacting a woman’s future ability to have children|
|Gonorrhea||can include burning sensation when urinating, frequent urination, painful intercourse, thick, cloudy or bloody vaginal discharge or penile discharge||increases a woman’s susceptibility to HIV; can be transmitted to infants during birth, causing blindness, joint and blood infections||can develop into PID and infertility in both men and women|
|Hepatitis, Viral||can include fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, clay-colored bowel movements, joint pain, jaundice||can cause jaundice; is easily spread through fecal-oral contact||is the leading cause of liver cancer|
|Herpes, Genital||can include small red bumps or tiny white blisters that become ulcers and can be found on the genitals, buttocks, anus or thighs, sometimes flu-like symptoms||causes recurrent, painful, sores and can be transmitted to infants during birth||can increase a woman’s chances of contracting HIV|
|HIV/AIDS||can includefatigue, fever, headache, sore throat, rash, swollen lymph glands, diarrhea, dry cough, sudden weight loss||can be symptomless for 10 years or more, but still transmitted to sexual partners or infant during childbirth||can progress into AIDS and death|
|Human Papillomavirus (HPV)||can include genital warts, sometimes in the mouth or throat, genital itching or discomfort, bleeding with intercourse||can be spread through contact with the infected area regardless of whether symptoms are present||causes genital warts, cervical and vaginal cancers, and rarely, penile and anal cancers|
|Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)||can includelower abdominal pain, fever, unusual vaginal discharge, odor, painful intercourse, painful urination, irregular menstrual bleeding||often goes undiagnosed and can lead to serious infection||can cause permanent damage to female reproductive organs; repeated episodes can lead to infertility (over 100,000 women per year), ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. over 150 women die from complications of PID annually|
|Syphilis||can include one or more painless, open sores called chancres||can be spread when sores are present anywhere on the body, including the anus and mouth; sores can last 3-6 weeks and leave scars||can damage internal organs, resulting in paralysis, blindness, dementia and even death|
|Trichomoniasis||can include discomfort during intercourse and urination; in men, irritation inside the penis, mild discharge, or slight burning after urination or ejaculation; in women, greenish yellow, possibly frothy discharge, strong odor, irritation and itching||can increase the probability of acquiring HIV||can result in premature or low birth-weight babies|
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website (2011): http://www.cdc.gov/STD/
Mayo Clinic (2011): http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/std-symptoms/ID00053